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What are Bacterial infection?What it’s symptoms?

What are bacterial infections?A bacterium is a single, but complex, cell. It can survive on its own, inside or outside the body.Most bacteria aren’t harmful. In fact, we have many bacteria on and inside our body, especially in the gut to help digest food. But some bacteria can cause infections. Bacterial infections can affect the throat, lungs, skin, bowel and many others parts of the body. Many are mild; some are severe.Examples of bacterial infections include whooping cough, strep throat, ear infection and urinary tract infection (UTI).What are the symptoms of a bacterial infection?The symptoms of a bacterial infection will depend on the location of the infection and the type of bacteria.There are some general signs of bacterial infection:feverfeeling tired or fatigued.swollen lymph nodes in the neck, armpits, groin or else achena.usea or vomiting.What causes bacterial infections?A bacterial infection occurs when bacteria enter the body, increase in number, and cause a reaction in the body. Bacteria can enter the body through an opening in your skin, such as a cut or a surgical wound, or through your airway and cause infections like bacterial pneumonia.When should I see my doctor?Signs that you may have a bacterial infection and should see doctor include:difficulty brea.thinga persistent cough, or coughing up pusun.explained redness or swelling of the ski.na persistent feve.rfrequent vomiting and trouble holding liquids down.blood in urine, vomit or poo (stool)severe stomach pain or severe heada.chea cut or burn that is red or has pus What are the complications of bacterial infections?It’s important to seek treatment because an untreated bacterial infection can lead to serious problems.For example, an untreated infected cut can cause cellulitis and a life-threatening condition called sepsis.Sepsis (also known as ‘septicaemia’ or ‘blood poisoning’) is a serious blood infection that can lead to shock, organ failure and death if it’s not treated quickly.Sepsis is always a medical emergency. Seek immediate medical attention if you have any of the following:feverchillsuncontrolled shakin.grapid breathing and heart ratetirednes.sheadaches How are bacterial infections treated?Most bacterial infections can be effectively treated with antibiotics. They either kill bacteria or stop them multiplying. This helps the body’s immune system to fight the bacteria.Your doctor’s choice of antibiotic will depend on the bacteria that is causing the infection. Antibiotics that work against a wide range of bacteria are called broad-spectrum antibiotics.Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem so antibiotics may be prescribed only for serious bacterial infections.How can bacterial infections be prevented?Bacterial infections can be highly contagious, so you need to take special care to avoid spreading infections by washing hands, covering up when sneezing and coughing, and not sharing cups and drink bottles.Resources and you think you may have a bacterial infection, use healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker.

Signs that you may have a bacterial infection and should see doctor include:difficulty persistent cough, or coughing up pusune.xplained redness or swelling of the a persistent vomiting and trouble holding liquids in urine, vomit or poo (stool)severe stomach pain or severe cut or burn that is red or has pus.What are the complications of bacterial infections?It’s important to seek treatment because an untreated bacterial infection can lead to serious problems.For example, an untreated infected cut can cause cellulitis and a life-threatening condition called sepsis.Sepsis (also known as ‘septicaemia’ or ‘blood poisoning’) is a serious blood infection that can lead to shock, organ failure and death if it’s not treated quickly.Sepsis is always a medical emergency. Seek immediate medical attention if you have any of the following:feverchillsuncontrolled shaki.grapid breathing and heart ratetired.nesheadaches How are bacterial infections treated?Most bacterial infections can be effectively treated with antibiotics. They either kill bacteria or stop them multiplying. This helps the body’s immune system to fight the bacteria.Your doctor’s choice of antibiotic will depend on the bacteria that is causing the infection. Antibiotics that work against a wide range of bacteria are called broad-spectrum antibiotics.Antibiotic resistance is a growing problem so antibiotics may be prescribed only for serious bacterial infections.How can bacterial infections be prevented?Bacterial infections can be highly contagious, so you need to take special care to avoid spreading infections by washing hands, covering up when sneezing and coughing, and not sharing cups and drink bottles.Resources and support if you think you may have a bacterial infection, use healthdirect’s online Symptom Checker.

The signs and symptoms of a bacterial infection typically depend on where in the body the infection occurs.However, some of the most common general signs and symptoms of infection include:feverchills and sweat swollen lymph node new or sudden worsening of painunexplained exhaustionheadacheskin flushing, swelling, or soreness gas trointestinal symptoms, such as:nauseavomitingdiarrheaabdominal or rectal pain Symptoms by body part Bacterial infections can develop anywhere in the body, but they often occur near sites where bacteria can enter the body.The sections below will outline some of the most common signs and symptoms associated with bacterial infections in different parts of the body.Gastrointestinal infections Although different species of bacteria cause slightly different symptoms, most tend to cause several of the following:pain and tenderness in the stomach

nausea and vomiting loss of appetite frequent bowel movements diarrhea that can be loose, watery, or blood.yfeeling the need to go to the bathroom even when the bowel is empty inflammation of the colon fever upper respiratory tract infections The upper respiratory tract includes the nasal passages and the sinuses. The sinuses are a network of hollow cavities inside the skull.Sometimes, the sinuses can become infected with bacteria or viruses. The medical term for infection and inflammation of the sinuses is sinusitis.Common signs and symptoms of sinusitis include:a runny or stuffy nose postnasal drip, wherein mucus constantly drips down the back of the throath.eadachefacial pain or pressure are throat cough bad breath

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